Invitro fertilization or IVF is an advanced reproductive technique and infertility treatment performed worldwide.
IVF is the process of combining the eggs and sperm outside the body to form a human embryo which leads to conceiving a child.
The purpose of IVF is to create many embryos to increase the chance of pregnancy.
– In this step, the inactivation of natural hormonal secretion takes place. This is usually done with birth control pills or injections.
– In this step, a woman is injected with daily doses of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). FSH controls the menstrual cycle and stimulates the growth of eggs in the ovaries. A woman only makes enough FSH for one egg even though there are many eggs available every month. So, by injecting excess FSH, it stimulates the production of eggs.
– Further, we place a needle through the vagina to the ovary and into the egg follicle to harvest the egg using suction. The egg is then handed to the embryologist. We perform egg retrieval in the operating room under intravenous sedation and is not painful.
– Now, the embryologist fertilizes the egg by combining it with the sperm in a petri-dish.
Once fertilized, the embryo starts developing before getting transferred in the womb. The incubation period of the embryo is two to five days.
– We perform this step in the IVF OT. It is a painless and quick process.
Depending on the patient’s age, we transfer a certain number of embryos through the cervix directly into the uterus using a soft plastic catheter under ultrasound guidance.